What are the Causes Of Neurological Disorders and Their Symptoms?

Neurological disorders occur in or are caused by the changes in the nervous system. Now, the human nervous system has two main parts. First, there is the central nervous system that includes your brain and spinal, and it acts as your central processing point. Second is the peripheral nervous system that ensures transfer of sensory messages between the nerves, tissues, muscles to your brain. Neurological symptoms are the result of these connections getting disrupted. Read on to know more about the causes and symptoms of different neurological disorders before you book a doctor.

The causes of neurological disorders as per the best neurologist in Pune

Neurological disorders have diverse causes behind them – almost as diverse as your nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is the common point of origin for neurological symptoms. It sends sensory signals to the brain and spinal cord (the central nervous system) from the rest of your body. 

The disorders can rise from issues in one or multiple nerves. Some of the symptoms, like the carpal tunnel syndrome, is seen due to nerve compression and lack of enough blood flow to it. Another common cause of nerve disorders is diabetes. Autoimmune diseases, like lupus, also cause neurological disorders. Here are all the causes of different neurological disorders.

Causes of neurological disorders related to injury

Sudden accidents or injuries can also lead to long-term damages in the form of neurological disorders.

  • Nerve detachment from your spinal cord
  • Severing, crushing, and compression of nerves
  • Electrical injury 
  • Burns
  • Dislocation or fracture of the bones
  • Gunshot injuries
  • Physical assaults
  • Spinal conditions like slipped vertebral disks

Causes of neurological disorders related to autoimmune diseases or infections

Neurological disorders are also the result of autoimmune diseases or infections, such as: 

  • Hepatitis C
  • Epstein-Barr virus infection
  • HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) infection
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Lyme disease (an inflammatory bacteria spread by the ticks)
  • Viral and bacterial brain disorders
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Varicella-zoster virus

Causes of neurological disorders related to systemic disorders  

Systemic disorders or diseases like the following can also lead to neurological conditions:

  • Illicit drug or alcohol abuse
  • Diseases in the connective tissue
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth disorder
  • Blood sugar
  • Side effects of different medication
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Tumor in the nerves causing neurofibromatosis
  • Hormonal imbalances like hypothyroidism
  • Nutritional deficiencies related to niacin, thiamine, and vitamins B1, E, B12, or B6
  • Constant exposure to different toxins like mercury, lead, and other such metals
  • Prolonged stress injuries like carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Chronic pain resulting from nerve malfunctions (Trigeminal neuralgia)
  • Vascular diseases

The symptoms of neurological disorders as per the best neurologist in Pune

Neurological symptoms tend to vary based on the underlying condition, disorder, or disease. It is diverse as the nervous system tends to govern or take part in several functions and bodily systems that include controlling sight, movement, appetite, muscles, blood pressure, and body temperature. It can start from one or multiple nerves.

Book a doctor for the following bodily symptoms of neurological disorders

Neurological disorders might manifest themselves in the form of the following bodily symptoms:

  • Cognitive changes and confusion
  • Altered taste or smell
  • Changes in consciousness level, lethargy, and fainting
  • Numbness and muscle weakness
  • Loss of balance
  • Dystonia (involuntary muscle contractions)
  • Pain from an unexplained origin
  • Inability to move body parts or paralysis
  • Prickling sensation
  • Tingling and sensitivity

Gastrointestinal symptoms of neurological disorders

Your neurological symptoms might include the following changes to your digestive system:

  • Digestive issues
  • Difficulty in chewing
  • Nausea without or with vomiting
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control

Severe symptoms indicating life-threatening conditions

When neurological symptoms are the result of the malfunction of your automatic nervous system, the results can be life-threatening. Thus, you need emergency medical evaluation in such cases. Get in touch with your nearest clinic as soon as possible if you or someone you’re with gets the following symptoms:

  • Disorientation
  • Vertigo or dizziness
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Lack of muscle coordination
  • Slurred or garbled speech or inability to talk
  • Nonreactivity to lights or abnormality in pupil size
  • Lack of consciousness or passing out
  • Respiratory problems, like choking, wheezing, labored breathing, shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing
  • Sudden blindness or vision changes
  • Sudden inability to move a particular body part
  • Seizures

Wrapping up

Neurological disorders are more common than you think. In fact, millions of people across the world suffer from such conditions. You have nothing to worry or lose heart over it because you can get cured easily by seeing a doctor. So, get in touch with an expert near you and start your treatment right away.

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